All publications are available as PDFs, by clicking on the article link, or by emailing a request

Lab members names are in bold font


Loewen, C.J.G., A.L. Strecker, B. Gilbert & D.A. Jackson. 2020. Climate warming moderates the impacts of introduced sportfish on multiple dimensions of prey biodiversity. Global Change Biology

Hoi, A.G., B. Gilbert & N. Mideo. 2020. Deconstructing the Impact of Malaria Vector Diversity on Disease Risk. The American Naturalist

Gilbert, B., A. S. Macdougall, T. Kadoya, M. Akasaka, J. R. Bennett, E. M. Lind, H. Flores-Moreno, J. Firn, Y. Hautier, E. T. Borer, E. W. Seabloom, P. B. Adler, E. E. Cleland, J. B. Grace, W. S. Harpole, E.H. Esch, J. L. Moore, J. Knops, R. McCulley, B. Mortensen, J. Bakker, and P. A. Fay, 2020. Climate and local environment structure asynchrony and the stability of primary production in grasslands. Global Ecology and Biogeography 29: 1177-1188

Brown, K.S. & B. Gilbert. 2020. Population and community-level rarity have opposing effects on pollinator visitation and seed set. Journal of Ecology

Blackford, C., R.M. Germain & B. Gilbert. 2020. Species differences in phenology shape coexistence. The American Naturalist 195: E168-E180

Raymond, C.V., J.L. McCune, H. Rosner-Katz, I. Chadès, R. Schuster, B. Gilbert & J.R. Bennett. 2020. Combining Species Distribution Models and Value of Information Analysis for spatial allocation of conservation resources. Journal of Applied Ecology 57: 819-830 

Kamiya, T., M.A. Greischar, K. Wadhawan, B. Gilbert, K. Paaijmans & N. Mideo. 2020. Temperature-dependent variation in the extrinsic incubation period elevates the risk of vector-borne disease emergence. Epidemics 30 (2020) 100382 pdf

Start, D., A.E. Weis & B. Gilbert. 2020. Ecological and evolutionary stochasticity shape natural selection. The American Naturalist 195: 705-716

Marino, N.A.C., R. Céréghino, B. Gilbert, J.S. Petermann, D.S. Srivastava, P.M. de Omena, et. al. 2020. Species niches, not traits, determine abundance and occupancy patterns: A multi-site synthesis. Global Ecology and Biogeography 29: 295-308


Grainger, T.N., J.M. Levine  & B. Gilbert. 2019. The Invasion Criterion: A Common Currency for Ecological Research. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 34: 925-935 pdf

Start, D. & B. Gilbert. 2019. Trait variation across biological scales shapes community structure and ecosystem function. Ecology 100: e02769 pdf

Grainger, TN, Letten, AD, Gilbert, B and Fukami, T. 2019. Applying modern coexistence theory to priority effects.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 116: 6205-6210 pdf

Start, D.,  A.E. Weis & B. Gilbert. 2019. Indirect Interactions Shape Selection in a Multispecies Food Web. The American Naturalist, 193: 321-330 pdf

Borges, I. L., L. Z. Forsyth, D. Start & B. Gilbert. 2019. Abiotic heterogeneity underlies trait‐based competition and assembly. Journal of Ecology 107: 747-756 pdf

Germain, R. M., T. N. Grainger, N. T. Jones & B. Gilbert. 2019. Maternal Provisioning is Structured by Species’ Competitive Neighborhoods. Oikos 128: 45–53 pdf


Germain, R. M., M. M. Mayfield & B. Gilbert. 2018. The ‘filtering’ metaphor revisited: competition and environment jointly structure invasibility and coexistence. Biology Letters 14: 20180460 pdf

Searcy, C. A., B. Gilbert, M. Krkosek, L. Rowe, S. J. McCauley. 2018. Positive correlation between dispersal and body size in green frogs (Rana clamitans) naturally colonizing an experimental landscape. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 96: 1378 – 1384 pdf

Start, D.,  C. Bonner, A.E. Weis & B. Gilbert. 2018. Consumer-resource interactions along urbanization gradients drive natural selection. Evolution, 72: 1863–1873 pdf

Start, D., S. McCauley & B. Gilbert. 2018. Physiology underlies the assembly of ecological communities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 115: 6016-6021 pdf

Céréghino, R., V.D. Pillar, D.S. Srivastava, et. al. 2018. Constraints on the functional trait space of aquatic invertebrates in bromeliads. Functional Ecology, 32: 2435 – 2447 pdf

Bennett, J.R., S.L. Maxwell, A.E. Martin, I. Chadès, L. Fahrig & B. Gilbert. 2018. When to monitor and when to act: value of information theory for multiple management units and limited budgets. Journal of Applied Ecology, 55: 2102–2113 pdf

Grainger, T.N., A.I. Rego & B. Gilbert. 2018. Temperature-dependent species interactions shape priority effects and the persistence of unequal competitors. American Naturalist, 191: 197-209 pdf

Start, D. & B. Gilbert. 2018. Plant sex alters Allee effects in aggregating plant parasites. Oikos, 127: 792-802 pdf

Jones, N.T. & B. Gilbert. 2018. Geographic signatures in species turnover: decoupling colonization and extinction across a latitudinal gradient. Oikos, 127: 507-517 pdf


Wong, L., T.N. Grainger, D. Start & B. Gilbert. 2017. An invasive herbivore structures plant competitive dynamics. Biology Letters 13: 20170374 pdf

Gilbert, B. & J.M. Levine. 2017. Ecological drift and the distribution of species diversity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 284: 20170507 pdf

Grainger, T.N. & B. Gilbert. 2017. Multi-scale responses to warming in an experimental insect metacommunity. Global Change Biology, 23: 5151–5163 pdf

Start, D., D. Kirk, D. Shea & B. Gilbert. 2017. Cannibalism by damselflies increases with rising temperature. Biology Letters, 13: 20170175 pdf

Germain, R.M., S.Y. Strauss & B. Gilbert. 2017. Experimental dispersal reveals characteristic scales of biodiversity in a natural landscape. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 114: 4447-4452 pdf

Genua, L., D. Start & B. Gilbert. 2017. Fragment size affects plant herbivory via predator loss. Oikos, 126: 1357–1365 pdf

Start, D. & B. Gilbert. 2017. Predator personality structures prey communities and trophic cascades. Ecology Letters, 20: 366-374 pdf

Grainger, T.N., R.M. Germain, N.T. Jones, & B. Gilbert. 2017. Predators modify biogeographic constraints on species distributions in an insect metacommunity. Ecology, 98: 851-860 pdf

Loughnan, D. & B. Gilbert. 2017. Trait-mediated community assembly: distinguishing the signatures of biotic and abiotic filters. Oikos, 126: 1112-1122 pdf

Bennett, J.R. & B. Gilbert. 2017. Linking Landscapes and Metacommunities. In Learning Landscape Ecology, 2nd Ed., editors: S.E. Gergel and M.G. Turner. Springer. pp. 255-271

Carscadden, K.A., M.W. Cadotte & B. Gilbert. 2017. Trait dimensionality and population choice alter estimates of phenotypic dissimilarity. Ecology and Evolution, 7: 2273–2285. pdf

Hudson, L.N. et al. 2017. The database of the PREDICTS (Projecting Responses of Ecological Diversity In Changing Terrestrial Systems) project. Ecology and Evolution 7: 145-188. pdf

Weber, A., S. Leckie, J.P. Kimmins, B. Gilbert, J.A. Blanco, Y-H. Lo. 2017. Survival and growth as measures of shade tolerance of planted western redcedar, western hemlock and amabilis fir seedlings in hemlock-fir forests of northern Vancouver Island. Forest Ecology and Management 386: 13-21. pdf


Start, D. & B. Gilbert. 2016. Host-parasitoid evolution in a metacommunity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 283: 20160477. pdf

Germain, R.M., J.T. Weir & B. Gilbert. 2016. Species coexistence: macroevolutionary relationships and the contingency of historical interactions. Proceedings of the Royal Society B pdf  Supplementary.

Grainger, T.N. & B. Gilbert. 2016. Dispersal and diversity in experimental metacommunities: linking theory and practice. Oikos 125:1213-1223. pdf

Jones, N.T. & B. Gilbert. 2016. Biotic forcing: the push-pull of plant ranges. Plant Ecology 217: 1331–1344. pdf

Nuvoloni, F.M.,  R.J.F. Feres & B. Gilbert. 2016. Species turnover through time: colonization and extinction dynamics across metacommunities. The American Naturalist 187: 786-796. pdf F1000 recommended

Jones, N.T. & B. Gilbert. 2016. Changing climate cues differentially alter zooplankton dormancy dynamics across latitudes. Journal of Animal Ecology 85: 559-569. pdf

Bennett, J.R. & B. Gilbert. 2016. Contrasting beta diversity among regions: how do classical and multivariate approaches compare? Global Ecology and Biogeography 25: 368-377. pdf  Appendix.


Jones, N.T., R.M. Germain, T.N. Grainger, A. Hall, L. Baldwin & B. Gilbert. 2015. Dispersal mode mediates the effect of patch size and patch connectivity on metacommunity diversity. Journal of Ecology 103: 935-944. pdf

DeLong, J.P., B. Gilbert, J.B. Shurin, V.M. Savage, B.T. Barton, C. Clements, A.I. Dell, H.S. Greig, C.D.G. Harley, P. Kratina, K.S. McCann, T.D. Tunney, D.A. Vasseur & M.I. O’Connor. 2015. The body-size dependence of trophic cascades. The American Naturalist 185: 354-366. pdf

Beauséjour, R., I.T. Handa, M.J. Lechowicz, B. Gilbert & M. Vellend. 2015. Historical anthropogenic disturbances influence patterns of non-native earthworm and plant invasions in a temperate primary forest. Biological Invasions 17: 1267-1281. pdf


Gilbert, B., T.D. Tunney, K.S. McCann, J.P. DeLong, D.A. Vasseur, V. Savage, J.B. Shurin, A.I. Dell, B.T. Barton, C.D.G. Harley, H.M. Kharouba, P. Kratina, J.L. Blanchard, C. Clements, M. Winder, H.S. Greig & M.I. O’Connor. 2014. A bioenergetic framework for the temperature dependence of trophic interactions. Ecology Letters 17: 902-914. pdf
Supplementary information

Germain, R.M. & B. Gilbert. 2014. Hidden responses to environmental variation: maternal effects reveal species niche dimensions. Ecology Letters 17: 662-669. pdf

Weber, A., J.P. Kimmins, B. Gilbert, Y-H. Lo & J.A. Blanco. 2014. Multiple pathway succession in coastal Tsugaheterophylla, Thuja plicata and Abies amabilis forests on northeastern Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 44:1145-1155 pdf

Loughnan, D., J.D. Thomson, J.E. Ogilvie & B. Gilbert. 2014. Taraxacum officinale pollen depresses seed set of montane wildflowers through pollen allelopathy. Journal of Pollination Ecology 13: 146-150  pdf

Vasseur, D.A., J.P. DeLong, B. Gilbert, H.S. Greig, C.D.G. Harley, K.S. McCann, V. Savage, T.D. Tunney & M.I. O’Connor. 2014. Increased temperature variation poses a greater risk to species than climate warming. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 281: 20132612  pdf


Gilbert, B. & M.I. O’Connor. 2013. Climate change and species interactions: beyond local communities. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1297: 98-111  pdf

Zhang, H., B. Gilbert, W. Wang, J. Lui & S. Zhou. 2013. Grazer exclusion alters plant spatial organization at multiple scales, increasing diversity. Ecology and Evolution 3: 3604-3612 pdf

Gilbert, B. & J.M. Levine. 2013. Plant invasions and extinction debts. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 110: 1744-1749  pdf
F1000 recommended

Abrams, P.A., C.M. Tucker & B. Gilbert. 2013. Evolution of the storage effect. Evolution 67: 315-327  pdf

Zhang, H., B. Gilbert, X. Zhang & S. Zhou. 2013. Community assembly along a successional gradient in sub-alpine meadows of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, China. Oikos 122: 952-960  pdf

2010 – 2012

Gilbert, B. 2012. Joint consequences of dispersal and niche overlap on local diversity and resource use. Journal of Ecology 100: 287-296  pdf

O’Connor, M.I., B. Gilbert & C.J. Brown. 2011. Theoretical predictions for how temperature affects the dynamics of interacting herbivores and plants. The American Naturalist 178: 626-638 pdf        

Gilbert, B. & J. R. Bennett. 2010. Partitioning variation in ecological communities: do the numbers add up? Journal of Applied Ecology 47: 1071-1082  pdf 
Supplementary information

2008 – 2009

Gilbert, B., R. Turkington & D.S. Srivastava. 2009. Dominant species and diversity: linking relative abundance to controls of species establishment. The American Naturalist 174: 850-862 pdf

MacDougall, A.S, B. Gilbert & J. M. Levine. 2009. Plant invasions and the niche. Journal of Ecology 97: 609-615  pdf 
F1000 recommended

Srivastava, D.S., M.K. Trzcinski, B.A. Richardson & B. Gilbert. 2008. Why are predators more sensitive to habitat size than their prey? Insights from bromeliad-insect food webs. The American Naturalist 172: 761-771  pdf

Gilbert, B., D.S. Srivastava & K.R. Kirby. 2008. Niche partitioning at multiple scales facilitates coexistence among mosquito larvae. Oikos 117: 944-950  pdf

Ngai, J.T., K.R. Kirby, B. Gilbert, B.M. Starzomski, A.J.D. Pelletier & J.C.R. Conner. 2008. The impact of land-use change on larval insect communities: testing the role of habitat elements in conservation. Ecoscience 15: 160-168  pdf

2005 – 2006

Gilbert, B., W.F. Laurance, E.G. Leigh & H.E.M. Nascimento. 2006. Can neutral theory predict changes in Amazonian forest fragments? The American Naturalist 168: 304-317  pdf
F1000 recommended

Gilbert, B., S.J. Wright, H.C. Muller-Landau, K. Kitajima & A. Hernandéz. 2006. Life history trade-offs in tropical trees and lianas. Ecology 87: 1281-1288  pdf

Gilbert, B. & M.J. Lechowicz. 2005. Invasibility and abiotic gradients: the positive correlation between native and exotic plant diversity. Ecology 86: 1848-1855  pdf

Karst, J., B. Gilbert & M.J. Lechowicz. 2005. Assembling fern communities: the roles of chance and environmental determinism at local and intermediate spatial scales. Ecology 86: 2473-2486  pdf

Weber, A., J. Karst, B. Gilbert & J.P. Kimmins. 2005. Thuja plicata exclusion in ectomycorrhiza-dominated forests: testing the role of inoculum potential of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Oecologia 143: 148-156  pdf

2003 – 2004

Gilbert, B. & M.J. Lechowicz. 2004. Neutrality, niches, and dispersal in a temperate forest understory. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 101: 7651-7656 pdf

Weber, A., B. Gilbert, J.P. Kimmins & C.E. Prescott. 2003. Factors limiting the early survivorship of westernRedcedar (Thuja plicata) on northern Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33: 854-861  pdf